Lab Assignment: Differential Diagnosis For Skin Conditions

Properly identifying the cause and type of a patient鈥檚 skin condition involves a process of elimination known as differential diagnosis. Using this process, a health professional can take a given set of physical abnormalities, vital signs, health assessment findings, and patient descriptions of symptoms, and incrementally narrow them down until one diagnosis is determined as the most likely cause.
In this Lab Assignment, you will examine several visual representations of various skin conditions, describe your observations, and use the techniques of differential diagnosis to determine the most likely condition.
To Prepare
路 Review the Skin Conditions document provided in this week鈥檚 Learning Resources, and select one condition to closely examine for this Lab Assignment.
路 Consider the abnormal physical characteristics you observe in the graphic you selected. How would you describe the characteristics using clinical terminologies?
路 Explore different conditions that could be the cause of the skin abnormalities in the graphics you selected.
路 Consider which of the conditions is most likely to be the correct diagnosis, and why.
路 Search the Walden library for one evidence-based practice, peer-reviewed article based on the skin condition you chose for this Lab Assignment.
路 Review the Comprehensive SOAP Exemplar found in this week鈥檚 Learning Resources to guide you as you prepare your SOAP note.
路 Download the SOAP Template found in this week鈥檚 Learning Resources, and use this template to complete this Lab Assignment.
The Lab Assignment
Choose one This week you will be submitting your paper in SOAP format. 聽The template and the grading rubric for this format is located in the Course Info folder. 聽This is the format approved for this course, so please follow it. 聽You will be choosing聽one聽skin graphic to write your SOAP note.聽Need to organize your data in this format…..and under “S” you will need to ask your questions…but obviously your patient cannot answer you. 聽So….under “S”….list all of the questions that you would ask the patient from the template list, including Meds, Allergies, ROS, etc…….think about everything that you would need to know and ask to make a clinical decision. 聽The “O” is what the condition looks like. 聽This is the objective piece of the note…..you do not ask the patient questions here, it is just what you observe. 聽聽聽Be specific!!! 聽Describe the lesion ie: 聽size, location, characteristics, etc…. 聽think of this as documenting directly in a patient’s chart. 聽A/P are your list of differentials with rationale on why you chose those diagnosis. 聽You list them from most likely to least likely.
路 This week you will be submitting your paper in SOAP format. 聽The template and the grading rubric for this format is located in the Course Info folder. 聽This is the format approved for this course, so please follow it. 聽You will be choosing聽one聽skin graphic to write your SOAP note.聽Need to organize your data in this format…..and under “S” you will need to ask your questions…but obviously your patient cannot answer you. 聽So….under “S”….list all of the questions that you would ask the patient from the template list, including Meds, Allergies, ROS, etc…….think about everything that you would need to know and ask to make a clinical decision. 聽The “O” is what the condition looks like. 聽This is the objective piece of the note…..you do not ask the patient questions here, it is just what you observe. 聽聽聽Be specific!!! 聽Describe the lesion ie: 聽size, location, characteristics, etc…. 聽think of this as documenting directly in a patient’s chart. 聽A/P are your list of differentials with rationale on why you chose those diagnosis. 聽You list them from most likely to least likely.
Comprehensive SOAP Exemplar

Purpose: To demonstrate what each section of the SOAP note should include. Remember that Nurse Practitioners treat patients in a holistic manner and your SOAP note should reflect that premise.

Patient Initials: _______ Age: _______ Gender: _______

SUBJECTIVE DATA:

Chief Complaint (CC): Coughing up phlegm and fever

History of Present Illness (HPI):聽Sara Jones is a 65 year old Caucasian female who presents today with a productive cough x 3 weeks and fever for the last three days. She reported that the 鈥渃old feels like it is descending into her chest鈥. The cough is nagging and productive. She brought in a few paper towels with expectorated phlegm 鈥 yellow/brown in color. She has associated symptoms of dyspnea of exertion and fever. Her Tmax was reported to be 102.4, last night. She has been taking Ibuprofen 400mg about every 6 hours and the fever breaks, but returns after the medication wears off. She rated the severity of her symptom discomfort at 4/10.

Medications:
1.) Lisinopril 10mg daily
2.) Combivent 2 puffs every 6 hours as needed
3.) Serovent daily
4.) Salmeterol daily
5.) Over the counter Ibuprofen 200mg -2 PO as needed
6.) Over the counter Benefiber
7.) Flonase 1 spray each night as needed for allergic rhinitis symptoms

Allergies:
Sulfa drugs – rash

Past Medical History (PMH):
1.) Emphysema with recent exacerbation 1 month ago 鈥 deferred admission 鈥 RX鈥檇 with outpatient antibiotics and an hand held nebulizer treatments.
2.) Hypertension 鈥 well controlled
3.) Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) 鈥 quiet on no medication
4.) Osteopenia
5.) Allergic rhinitis

Past Surgical History (PSH):
1.) Cholecystectomy 1994
2.) Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) 1998

Sexual/Reproductive History:
Heterosexual
G1P1A0
Non-menstrating 鈥 TAH 1998

Personal/Social History:
She has smoked 2 packs of cigarettes daily x 30 years; denied ETOH or illicit drug use.

Immunization History:
Her immunizations are up to date. She received the influenza vaccine last November and the Pneumococcal vaccine at the same time.

Significant Family History:
Two brothers 鈥 one with diabetes, dx at age 65 and the other with prostate CA, dx at age 62. She has 1 daughter, in her 50鈥檚, healthy, living in nearby neighborhood.

Lifestyle:
She is a retired; widowed x 8 years; lives in the city, moderate crime area, with good public transportation. She college graduate, owns her home and receives a pension of $50,000 annually 鈥 financially stable.

She has a primary care nurse practitioner provider and goes for annual and routine care twice annually and as needed for episodic care. She has medical insurance but often asks for drug samples for cost savings. She has a healthy diet and eating pattern. There are resources and community groups in her area at the senior center and she attends regularly. She enjoys bingo. She has a good support system composed of family and friends.

Review of Systems:

General:聽+ fatigue since the illness started; + fever, no chills or night sweats; no recent weight gains of losses of significance.

HEENT:聽no changes in vision or hearing; she does wear glasses and her last eye exam was 1 陆 years ago. She reported no history of glaucoma, diplopia, floaters, excessive tearing or photophobia. She does have bilateral small cataracts that are being followed by her ophthalmologist. She has had no recent ear infections, tinnitus, or discharge from the ears. She reported her sense of smell is intact. She has not had any episodes of epistaxis. She does not have a history of nasal polyps or recent sinus infection. She has history of allergic rhinitis that is seasonal. Her last dental exam was 3/2014. She denied ulceration, lesions, gingivitis, gum bleeding, and has no dental appliances. She has had no difficulty chewing or swallowing.

Neck: no pain, injury, or history of disc disease or compression. Her last Bone Mineral density (BMD) test was 2013 and showed mild osteopenia, she said.

Breasts:聽No reports of breast changes. No history of lesions, masses or rashes. No history of abnormal mammograms.

Respiratory:聽+ cough and sputum production (see HPI); denied hemoptysis, no difficulty breathing at rest; + dyspnea on exertion; she has history of COPD and community acquired pneumonia 2012. Last PPD was 2013. Last CXR 鈥 1 month ago.

CV:聽no chest discomfort, palpitations, history of murmur; no history of arrhythmias, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, edema, or claudication. Date of last ECG/cardiac work up is unknown by patient.

GI:聽No nausea or vomiting, reflux controlled, No abd pain, no changes in bowel/bladder pattern. She uses fiber as a daily laxative to prevent constipation.

GU:聽no change in her urinary pattern, dysuria, or incontinence. She is heterosexual. She has had a total abd hysterectomy. No history of STD鈥檚 or HPV. She has not been sexually active since the death of her husband.

MS:聽she has no arthralgia/myalgia, no arthritis, gout or limitation in her range of motion by report. No history of trauma or fractures.

Psych:聽no history of anxiety or depression. No sleep disturbance, delusions or mental health history. She denied suicidal/homicidal history.

Neuro:聽no syncopal episodes or dizziness, no paresthesia, head aches. No change in memory or thinking patterns; no twitches or abnormal movements; no history of gait disturbance or problems with coordination. No falls or seizure history.

Integument/Heme/Lymph:聽no rashes, itching, or bruising. She uses lotion to prevent dry skin. She has no history of skin cancer or lesion removal. She has no bleeding disorders, clotting difficulties or history of transfusions.

Endocrine:聽no endocrine symptoms or hormone therapies.

Allergic/Immunologic:聽this has hx of allergic rhinitis, but no known immune deficiencies. Her last HIV test was 10 years ago.


OBJECTIVE DATA

Physical Exam:
Vital signs: B/P 110/72, left arm, sitting, regular cuff; P 70 and regular; T 98.3 Orally; RR 16; non-labored; Wt: 115 lbs; Ht: 5鈥2; BMI 21
General: A&O x3, NAD, appears mildly uncomfortable
HEENT: PERRLA, EOMI, oronasopharynx is clear
Neck: Carotids no bruit, jvd or tmegally
Chest/Lungs: CTA AP&L
Heart/Peripheral Vascular: RRR without murmur, rub or gallop; pulses+2 bilat pedal and +2 radial
ABD: benign, nabs x 4, no organomegaly; mild suprapubic tenderness 鈥 diffuse 鈥 no rebound
Genital/Rectal: external genitalia intact, no cervical motion tenderness, no adnexal masses.
Musculoskeletal: symmetric muscle development – some age related atrophy; muscle strengths 5/5 all groups.
Neuro: CN II 鈥 XII grossly intact, DTR鈥檚 intact
Skin/Lymph Nodes: No edema, clubbing, or cyanosis; no palpable nodes

ASSESSMENT:

Lab Tests and Results:
CBC 鈥 WBC 15,000 with + left shift
SAO2 鈥 98%

Diagnostics:
Lab:
Radiology:
CXR 鈥 cardiomegaly with air trapping and increased AP diameter
ECG
Normal sinus rhythm

Differential Diagnosis (DDx):
1.) Acute Bronchitis
2.) Pulmonary Embolis
3.) Lung Cancer

Diagnoses/Client Problems:

1.) COPD
2.) HTN, controlled
3.) Tobacco abuse 鈥 40 pack year history
4.) Allergy to sulfa drugs 鈥 rash
5.) GERD 鈥 quiet on no current medication

PLAN:聽[This section is not required for the assignments in this course, but will be required for future courses.]

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS

Who We Are聽

We are a professional custom writing website. If you have searched for a question and bumped into our website just know you are in the right place to get help with your coursework.

Do you handle any type of coursework?

Yes. We have posted our previous orders to display our experience. Since we have done this question before, we can also do it for you. To make sure we do it perfectly, please fill out our Order Form. Filling the order form correctly will assist our team in referencing, specifications, and future communication.

Is it hard to Place an Order?

  • 1. Click on 鈥Order Now鈥 on the main Menu and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
  • 2. Fill in your paper鈥檚 requirements in the “PAPER INFORMATION” section and the system will calculate your order price/cost.
  • 3. Fill in your paper鈥檚 academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
  • 4. Click 鈥FINAL STEP鈥 to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on 鈥PROCEED TO CHECKOUT鈥 at the bottom of the page.
  • 5. From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.

SCORE A+ WITH HELP FROM OUR PROFESSIONAL WRITERS: ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT

We will process your orders through multiple stages and checks to ensure that what we are delivering to you, in the end, is something that is precise as you envisioned it. All of our essay writing service products are 100% original, ensuring that there is no plagiarism in them. The sources are well-researched and cited so it is interesting. Our goal is to help as many students as possible with their assignments, i.e. our prices are affordable and services premium.

  • Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, including a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words. Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source. One or two-sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or 鈥済ood post,鈥 and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words. I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

  • Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately. In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies. Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else鈥檚 work). Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

  • APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with the APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in Loud-cloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required). Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation. I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

  • Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage over-utilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Master鈥檚 level and deduct points accordingly. As Masters鈥 level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else鈥檚 words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content. It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.

  • LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to Lopes Write, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a 鈥渇inal submit鈥 to me. Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes. Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else鈥檚 thoughts more than your own? Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in Loud-cloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

  • Late Policy

The university鈥檚 policy on late assignments is a 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies. Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances. If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect. I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension. As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

  • Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class. Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

  • Guarantee

  • Zero Plagiarism
  • On-time delivery
  • A-Grade Papers
  • Free Revision
  • 24/7 Support
  • 100% Confidentiality
  • Professional Writers

  • Services Offered

  • Custom paper writing
  • Question and answers
  • Essay paper writing
  • Editing and proofreading
  • Plagiarism removal services
  • Multiple answer questions

SCORE A+ WITH HELP FROM OUR PROFESSIONAL WRITERS: ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT

We will process your orders through multiple stages and checks to ensure that what we are delivering to you, in the end, is something that is precise as you envisioned it. All of our essay writing service products are 100% original, ensuring that there is no plagiarism in them. The sources are well-researched and cited so it is interesting. Our goal is to help as many students as possible with their assignments, i.e. our prices are affordable and services premium.

Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order a custom-written, plagiarism-free paper

NEED HELP WITH YOUR NURSING ASSIGNMENTS ?

We are dedicated to delivering high quality nursing papers that adhere to the provided instructions, are adequately referenced with the latest scholarly knowledge,

Timely Delivery

Respecting your time and needs, we complete and deliver your orders within the specified timeframe.

Highly skilled writers

We employ experienced and qualified PhD and MD writers able to deal with any types of academic papers

100% unique content

Thorough research and the best academic writing practices ensure complete originality and high quality of every paper we deliver.

Order Now