People Of Japanese Heritage. People Of Jewish Heritage. 700 Words Minimum

People Of Japanese Heritage. People Of Jewish Heritage. 700 Words Minimum

Read chapter 18 and 19 of the class textbook and review the attached PowerPoint presentation.  Once done answer the following questions;

1.  Discuss the cultural development of the Japanese and the Jewish heritage.

2.  What are the cultural beliefs of the Japanese and Jewish heritage related to health care and how they influence the delivery of evidence-based healthcare?

A minimum of 2 evidence-based references (besides the class textbook) no older than 5 years is required. A minimum of 700 words

Japanese Overview/Heritage

In the Japanese language, Japan is called Nihon or Nippon.
The over 500,000 Japanese citizens residing in North America tend to locate in large commercial and educational centers.
Education is highly valued; the illiteracy rate in Japan is nearly zero. About 40 percent of all young people go on to higher education.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Overview/Heritage

Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) vary widely in their English-language ability.
Nisei (second-generation immigrants) and sansei (third-generation) were primarily educated under the American educational system.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Communication

Japanese is the language of Japan, with the exception of the indigenous Ainu people.
In Japan students complete 6 years of English, even newer Japanese immigrants and sojourners can speak, understand, read, and write English to some extent.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

Men tend to speak more coarsely and women with more gentility or refinement.
Light social banter and gentle joking are a mainstay of group relations, serving to foster group cohesiveness.
Polite discussion unrelated to business, often over o-cha (green tea), precedes business negotiations.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

Open communication is discouraged making it difficult to learn what people think. In particular, saying “no” is considered extremely impolite; rather, one should let the matter drop.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

A high value is placed on “face” and “saving face.”
Asking someone to do something he or she cannot do induces loss of face or shame. For people to be shown wrong is deeply humiliating.
People feel shame for themselves and their group, but they are respected when they bear shame in stoic silence.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

Traditional Japanese exhibit considerable control over body language. Anger or dismay may be quite difficult for Westerners to detect.
Smiling and laughter are common shields for embarrassment or distress.
Prolonged eye contact is not polite even within families.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

Social touching occurs among group members but not among people who are less closely acquainted.
In general, body space is respected.
Intimate behavior in the presence of others is taboo.
When people greet one another, whether for the first time or for the first time on a given day, the traditional bow is performed.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

An offer to shake hands by a Westerner is reciprocated graciously.
Overall orientation is toward the future.
Punctuality is highly valued.
Family names are stated first, followed by given names. Seki Noriko would be the name of a woman, Noriko, of the Seki family.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Copyright © 2013 F.A. Davis Company

Japanese Communication

Women generally assume their husband’s family name upon marriage.
Elders are referred to respectfully.
The designation sensei (master) is a term of respect used with the names of physicians, teachers, bosses, or others in positions of authority.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Family Roles and Organization

The predominant family structure is nuclear. The role of wife and mother is dominant.
Children are socialized to study hard, make their best effort, and be good group members.
They are taught to take care of each other, and girls are taught to take care of boys. Self-expression is not valued.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Family Roles and Organization

The primary relationship within a family is the mother-child relationship, particularly that of mothers and sons.
It is customary for a mother to sleep with the youngest child until that child is 10 years old or older, and when a new baby is born, the older sibling may sleep with the father or a grandparent.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Family Roles and Organization

Babies are not allowed to cry; they are picked up instantly. Women constantly hold their babies in carriers on their chests and sleep with them.
Corporal punishment is acceptable in Japan.
Traditional teens and college students generally do not date.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Family Roles and Organization

Older people are respected and cared for by the family in the home, if at all possible, with the eldest son being the responsible family member.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Family Roles and Organization

There is less tolerance for marriage of a Japanese person to a foreigner than in the United States.
The existence of a gay and lesbian social network and of cross-dressing clubs is evident, although they are not generally talked about.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Workforce Issues

American practices designed to avoid liability, such as informed consent, are not routinely implemented in Japanese health-care settings.
Japanese workers are sensitive to colleagues and superiors.
Saying “no” or delivering bad news is extremely difficult; they may avoid issues or indicate that everything is fine rather than state the negative.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Workforce Issues

A high value is placed on “face” and “saving face.”
Asking someone to do something he or she cannot do induces loss of face or shame.
For people to be shown wrong is deeply humiliating.
Prolonged eye contact is not polite even within families and among friends.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Biocultural Ecology

Racial features include the epicanthal skin folds that create the distinctive appearance of Asian eyes, a broad and flat nose, and “yellow” skin that varies markedly in tone.
Hair is straight and naturally black with differences in shade.
Negative blood types account for less than 1 percent of the population.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Biocultural Ecology

Commonly occurring health conditions for Japanese include heart disease, tuberculosis, renal disease, asthma, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, Takayasu disease, acatalasemia, cleft lip/palate, Oguchi disease, lactase deficiency, and stomach cancer.
Asthma, related to duct mites in tatami (straw mats) is one of the few endemic diseases.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Biocultural Ecology

Drug dosages may need to be adjusted for the physical stature of Japanese adults.
Many Asians are poor metabolizers of mephenytoin and related medications, potentially leading to increased intensity and duration of the drugs’ effects.
Most individuals require lower doses of some benzodiazepines and neuroleptics.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Biocultural Ecology

Opiates may be less effective analgesics, but gastrointestinal side effects may be greater than among Whites.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese High-Risk Health Behaviors

Smoking rates are high among Japanese and Japanese Americans.
Alcohol (rice wine) is part of many social rituals, such as picnics, to celebrate cherry blossoms, autumn leaves, or moon viewing.
Once alcohol is consumed, one can relax and speak freely; they are forgiven for what they say because of the alcohol.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese High-Risk Health Behaviors

Mothers’ time-honored strategy of rewarding academic diligence with candy and other treats contributes to the issue of the fitness of youth.
Public safety consciousness is high.
The Japanese readily use seatbelts and other safety measures, such as child safety seats and helmets.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Nutrition

Dietary staples include rice, beef, poultry, pork, seafood, root vegetables, cabbage, persimmons, apples, and tangerines.
Rice is the mainstay of the traditional diet and is included in all three meals as well as snacks.
Rice has a symbolic meaning related to the Shinto religion, analogous to the concept of the “bread of life” among Christians.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Nutrition

A staple of schoolchildren’s o-bento (lunch box) is a white bed of rice garnished with a red plum pickle, reminiscent of the Japanese flag.
A popular lunch among working people is a steaming bowl of ramen (noodles) in broth or cold noodles on a hot summer day.
Instant broth, although high in sodium, is another popular quick lunch.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Nutrition

A traditional dinner is a pot of boiled potatoes, carrots, and pork seasoned with sweet sake, garlic, and soy sauce or a stir-fried meat and vegetable dish.
The daily intake of sweets can be high and often includes European-style desserts, sweetbreads and cookies, sweet bean cakes, soft drinks, and heavily sweetened coffee.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Nutrition

Increasingly, Westernized food tastes, resulting in higher fat and carbohydrate intake, have contributed to the rise in obesity and associated increases in diabetes and heart disease.
There is growing public awareness that the sodium content of the traditional soups and sauces contributes to the high rate of cerebrovascular accidents.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Nutrition

Green tea, although high in caffeine, is a good source of vitamin C.
Garlic and various herbs are used widely for their medicinal properties.
Many individuals have difficulty digesting milk products due to lactose intolerance.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

Oral contraceptives became legal in Japan in 1999.
Condoms remain the most common contraceptive method.
Most women have several abortions during their married fertile lives.
Pregnancy is highly valued within traditional culture as a woman’s fulfillment of her destiny.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

Pregnant women may enjoy attention and pampering that they get at no other time.
They may prepare themselves for the possibility of pregnancy when they become engaged and eliminate alcohol, caffeine, soft drinks, and tobacco.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

Loud noises, such as a train or a sewing machine, are thought to be bad for the baby.
Shinto shrines sell amulets for conception and easy delivery.
Husbands do not commonly attend the births of their children.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

Vaginal deliveries are usually performed without medication.
To give in to pain dishonors the husband’s family, and mothers are said to appreciate their babies more if they suffer in childbirth.
Traditionally, postpartum women do not bathe, shower, or wash their hair for the first week.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

Breast-feeding is taken seriously.
Maternal rest and relaxation are deemed essential for success.
If the mother is asleep, the grandmother feeds the baby formula.
Women who give birth in the US may resent the expectation of resuming self-care quickly.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Death Rituals

The taboo against open discussion of serious illness and death is evident.
Hospice patients or those with a terminal illness may not want to be told their diagnosis and prognosis in order to allow a peaceful death and to spare both the patient and the family the difficulty of having to discuss the situation.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Death Rituals

When a person is dying, the family should be notified of impending death so they can be at the dying person’s bedside.
Traditionally, the eldest son has particular responsibility during this time.
The mourning period is 49 days, the end of which is marked by a family prayer service and the serving of special rice dishes.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Death Rituals

When death occurs, an altar is constructed in the home.
Photographs of the deceased are displayed, and floral arrangements are placed within and outside the home.
A bag of money is hung around the neck of the deceased to pay the toll to cross the river to the hereafter.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Death Rituals

Perpetual prayers may be donated through a gift to the temple. In addition, special prayer services can be conducted for the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 13th annual anniversaries of the death.
Beliefs are common that the dead need to be remembered and that failure to do so can lead the dead to rob the living of rest.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Spirituality

Shinto, the indigenous religion, is the locus of joyful events such as marriage and birth.
Many festivals are marked by offerings, parades, and a carnival on the grounds of the shrine.
Very few people regularly attend services, but most are registered temple members, if only to ensure a family burial plot.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Spirituality

1% of Japanese people is Catholic or Protestant.
Most do not identify themselves solely with one religion or another, and even a baptized Christian might have a Shinto wedding and a Buddhist funeral.
Buddhist belief in reincarnation and the eternal life of the soul.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Spirituality

Kampo (healers) often set up shop in the vicinity of the temple or shrine, and a person might be seen scooping incense smoke onto an ailing body part.
Prayer boards might bear requests for special healing.
Newborns are taken to a shrine for a blessing.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Because Japanese people are less likely to express feelings verbally, this indulgence may be a way for people to affirm caring for one another nonverbally.
Termination of pregnancy when the health of the fetus is in doubt is common.
Most parents want medically compromised neonates to be treated aggressively when prognoses are not favorable.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

The concept of ki, the life force or energy and how it flows through the body, is integral to traditional Chinese healing modalities, including acupuncture.
Good health requires the unobstructed flow of ki throughout the body.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Yin and yang are reflected in the need to balance five energy sources: water, wood, fire, earth, and metal. Strategies that help to restore balance include use of herbal medicines, bed rest, bathing, and having a massage.
One traditional form of massage, shiatsu (acupressure), involves redirection of energy along the Chinese meridians by application of light pressure to acupuncture points.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Whereas Chinese tradition calls for a restoration of balance when one is ill, Shinto calls for purging and purification.
Preoccupation with germs and dirt is not likely to interfere with daily life.
Many pharmacies stock traditional herbal kampo preparations.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Most individuals make liberal use of both modern medical and traditional providers of health care.
Residents in the United States have Internet and mail-order access to traditional medications, if they are not available locally.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Common Japanese therapies include:

Morita therapy–indigenous strategy for addressing shinkei shitsu, excess sensitivity to the social and natural environment. Introspection is seen as harmful.
Morita therapy–focuses on constructive physical activity to help clients accept reality as it is
Naikan therapy–reflection on how much goodness and love are received from others.
Shinryo Naika– focuses on bodily illnesses that are emotionally induced.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Japanese high regard for the status of physicians decreases the likelihood of their asking questions or making suggestions about their care.
The idea that clients should be given care options may be alien.
Itami (pain) may not be expressed: bearing pain is a virtue and a matter of family honor.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

Addiction is a strong taboo in Japanese society, making clients reluctant to accept pain medication.
Mental illness is taboo. Because emotional problems cannot be discussed freely, somatic manifestations are common and acceptable.
Handicapped people may bring shame to the family, although they are treated kindly..
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practices

The sick role is highly tolerated by families and colleagues, and a long recuperation period is encouraged Organ transplantation and donation issues need to be approached sensitively.
People rely more heavily on the physician’s opinion, and the family may have difficulty negotiating cessation of treatment
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practitioners

Physicians, referred to as sensei, are highly esteemed.
Self-care as a philosophy is not evident among most. Being told what to do by the physician or kampo practitioner is expected, and his (or, occasionally, her) authority is not questioned.
*

Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 4th Edition

Japanese Health-care Practitioners

Currently in Japan, nurses are well respected, even though women in general are not.
In the past, nurses were not highly respected because “good women” did not touch people with an illness unless they were immediate family members. If she did touch “sick bodies,” the woman would become tainted and less pure.

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS

Your assignment woes end here!

Who We Are
We are a professional custom writing website. If you have searched for a question and bumped into our website just know you are in the right place to get help in your coursework.

Do you handle any type of coursework?

Yes. We have posted over our previous orders to display our experience. Since we have done this question before, we can also do it for you. To make sure we do it perfectly, please fill out our Order Form. Filling the order form correctly will assist our team in referencing, specifications, and future communication.

Is it hard to Place an Order?

ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT

1. Click on the  “Order Now” on the Main Menu and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.

2. Fill in your paper’s requirements in the “PAPER INFORMATION” section and the system will calculate your order price/cost.

3. Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.

4. Click “FINAL STEP” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.

100% Reliable Site. Make this your Home of Academic Papers.

SCORE A+ WITH HELP FROM OUR PROFESSIONAL WRITERS: ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT

Always Order High-Quality Academic Papers from HERE 

5. From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it. 

We will process your orders through multiple stages and checks to ensure that what we are delivering to you, in the end, is something that is precise as you envisioned it. All of our essay writing service products are 100% original, ensuring that there is no plagiarism in them. The sources are well-researched and cited so it is interesting. Our goal is to help as many students as possible with their assignments, i.e. our prices are affordable and services premium.

Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order a custom-written, plagiarism-free paper

Your assignment woes end here!

Get a 25 % discount on an order above $ 100
Use the following coupon code :
Nursing25