Analysis

Analysis

Analysis of Workplace Related Stress among the Nurses
Ariel Cordova Lopez
Walden University
NURS – 6052C

Essentials of Evidence-Based Practice

Dr. Christine Frazer
March 21, 2021
Analysis of Workplace Related Stress among the Nurses
Occupational stress is caused by various factors and situations within a healthcare setting that requires the engagement of the available personnel even when such individuals do not have the appropriate expertise to handle such issues, which compromise their expectations. The management in a healthcare facility might delegate duties to the nursing staff without considering the level of workload is capable of handling. If the nursing staff is overburdened the abilities to manage emotional distress is reduced. Besides, nurses might witness various events, which have emotional effects on their ability to dispense their duties effectively. For instance, a patient might die in the hands of the nurse and without due consideration, the management might delegate more duties to such nurses, which creates a feeling of injustice and uncertainties about their work expectations. This affects not only their emotional aspect but also affects their ability to carry out their duties as required. Besides, it can affect teamwork and lead to poor work relationships. This might compromise the overall goal of creating a safety culture with a healthcare facility and affect the overall wellness of the nursing staff. The purpose of this paper is to examine and analyze four different research articles that expounds on the issue by evaluating their methodologies suggested controlling the issue.

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Dobnik, M., Maletič, M., & Skela-Savič, B. (2018). Work-related stress factors in nurses at Slovenian hospitals–a cross-sectional study. Slovenian journal of public health57(4), 192-200.  doi: 10.2478/sjph-2018-0024
 
Vernekar, S. P., & Shah, H. (2018). A study of work-related stress among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Goa. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health5(2), 657-661. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20180246 Gheshlagh, R. G., Parizad, N., Dalvand, S., Zarei, M., Farajzadeh, M., Karami, M., & Sayehmiri, K. (2017). The prevalence of job stress among nurses in Iran: A meta-analysis study. Nursing and Midwifery Studies6(4), 143. DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_33_17 Kim, S. C., & Sekol, M. A. (2014). Job satisfaction, burnout, and stress among pediatric nurses in various specialty units at an acute care hospital. http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v4n12p115
Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) Selection of article
I selected this article because it discusses how the nurses are affected by the changing healthcare environment. Pressure in the workplace can have serious implications on the nursing staff, which may affect the delivery of services within the healthcare system. The article addresses stress related to the workplace and how well this can be managed by ensuring adequate staffing, creating an encouraging work environment and efficient organization.
The ethics of the is that participants were Slovenian hospitals and were required to approve their participation.
 
Selection of article
I selected this article because it stipulates that nursing is a stressful occupation, a situation that is even made further by the multiple and conflicting demands by their supervisors, managers, and administrators. This instances leads to work overload, which adds up the burden to already nature of the stressful nursing occupation. This consequently affects the overall efficiency in healthcare delivery, and compromises the quality of care.
The ethics noted by the author permission was sought from different administrative authorities as well as the study participants prior to giving them questionnaires. The confidentiality of the participants was guaranteed.
 
Selection of article
I selected this article because it addresses the issue of occupational related stress, which is related to mental health wellbeing of the nurses.
Selection of article
I selected this article because it addresses the research topic on how workplace stress affects nurses. Nurses experience stress resulting from a variety of factors including job satisfaction, burnout, compassion, and work-related stress among nurses in a pediatric critical care unit.
The ethics observed in the study include approval by the institutional review board of the hospital, while the participants were selected on voluntary basis. The participants were also granted the autonomy to withdraw at wish.
 
Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article The aim of the study was to establish the level of stress in nurses working in hospitals in Slovenia, and to identify stress related factors. The researcher’s aim in the research was to determine the levels of work related stress in nurses, various sources of stress, and to develop suitable recommendations based on the study findings.
 
The researcher aimed at the analysis of job related stress among the Iranian nurses. The aims of the study were to: evaluate job satisfaction, exhaustion, sympathy, fulfilment, and work-related pressure amongst pediatric nurses at medical, surgical, critical care units in a tertiary acute care hospital; and recognize the predictors of job approval, fatigue, compassion gratification, and work-related stress.
Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative quantitative , or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. Research Methodology:
Quantitative method using cross-sectional epidemiological design and standardized nursing stress scale was used to capture stress related data. A sample of 983 nurses from 21 Slovenian hospitals was employed in the study and a questionnaire with 19 demographic and 24 job related characteristics. Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 22 was used to analyze the data. The data was focused on statistical analysis thus it was quantitative.
 
 
Research Methodology:
Quantitative method using cross-sectional design was used in the study at a 1000 bed tertiary care hospital, Bambolin- Goa, between October 2016- December 2016. A population of registered nurses from different wards in the hospital participated in the study, while new recruits were excluded from the study. Those working in the outpatient department and in operation theatres were also excluded.
The sample size was calculated considering a prevalence puff 38.4% at 95% confidence, and a sample error of 10% was considered. Stratified sampling technique was used to obtain the required sample size. The Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 22 was used to conduct a regression analysis on the data. The study was based on statistical aspect of analysis, therefore, it was quantitative.
Research Methodology:
Qualitative method using meta-analysis design, where study articles were collected based on year of publication, sample size, sampling methods, and job related stress was used. Out of the 126 articles that were consulted, 30 articles met the criteria for research. The data was analyzed using STATA, version 12. The study was qualitative in nature.
 
Research Methodology:
Quantitative method using cross-sectional design at the children’s hospital in South California from February to March, 2013. A group of 240 registered nurses completed a demographic, specialized quality of life, short index and emotional job satisfaction questionnaire. One way Analysis of variance and multiple regression analysis were performed on the data, using SPSS version 20.0. The study was quantitative in nature.
 
A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. Strength of Methodology:
The strengths of cross-sectional approach used in the study is quick and easy because it does not involve lengthy follow-up periods. Reliability of the article is that factors under investigation can be measured effectively, creating room for the investigation of multiple outcomes of the study. The validity was assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient was used to show relationships between factors and ordinal variables.
Strength of Methodology:
The strengths of cross-sectional approach made it easier and quicker to collect data because there are no lengthy follow-ups and prolonged wait periods. Reliability and validity on how the data applied to the research was based on multiple factors.
 
Strength of Methodology:
The strengths study was meta-analysis and articles were collected from national and international databases, using key words relating to the research topic. The reliability of the articles is that they were easily found in the national and international databases using PRISMA guidelines were used to direct reporting guidelines. The validity if the article is that references evaluated to relate to the research topic.
Strength of Methodology:
The strength of the study was use of cross-sectional, which made it easier to collect without much follow-up and lengthy waiting periods. Reliability and validity was based on multiple factors were considered when assessing the viability and reliability of the data. Pearson bivariate coefficient was used to assess relationships among study variables.
General Notes/Comments The article was peer reviewed. The article was peer reviewed. The article is peer reviewed. The article was peer reviewed.

Conclusion
Workplace related stress is an important factor that needs to analyzed further because it compromises the quality of healthcare offered. This is attributed to factors such as inefficiencies, increased staff turnover, and deteriorated quality of care. The nurses might end being unsatisfied with their jobs. This is the reason why this study focuses on this important area.
References
Dobnik, M., Maletič, M., & Skela-Savič, B. (2018). Work-related stress factors in nurses at Slovenian hospitals–a cross-sectional study. Slovenian journal of public health57(4), 192-200.  doi: 10.2478/sjph-2018-0024
Gheshlagh, R. G., Parizad, N., Dalvand, S., Zarei, M., Farajzadeh, M., Karami, M., & Sayehmiri, K. (2017). The prevalence of job stress among nurses in Iran: A meta-analysis study. Nursing and Midwifery Studies6(4), 143. DOI: 10.4103/nms.nms_33_17
Kim, S. C., & Sekol, M. A. (2014). Job satisfaction, burnout, and stress among pediatric nurses in various specialty units at an acute care hospital. http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/jnep.v4n12p115
Vernekar, S. P., & Shah, H. (2018). A study of work-related stress among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Goa. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health5(2), 657-661. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20180246

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