American Psychological Association

American Psychological Association

7th Edition Reference Guide for Journal Articles, Books, and Edited Book Chapters

Journal Article

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the article.

Name of the Periodical, volume(issue), #–#. https://doi.org/xxxx

Invert names so that the last name comes first, followed by a comma and the initials. Leave a space between initials. Retain the order of authors’ names.

Place the year in parentheses. End with a period.

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. For a two-part title, capitalize the first word of the second part of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns. Do not italicize. End with a period.

Capitalize all major words in the periodical name. Follow with a comma. Italicize the periodical name (but not the comma after).

Italicize the volume number. Do not put a space between the volume number and the parentheses around the issue number.

Do not italicize the issue number or parentheses. Follow the parentheses with a comma. No issue number? That’s okay. Follow the volume number with a comma.

Include the article page range. Use an en dash; do not put spaces around the en dash. End with a period.

Does the article have a DOI? Include a DOI for all works that have one. Do not put a period after the DOI.

Book Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright Year). Title of the book (7th ed.).

Publisher. DOI or URL

Invert names so that the last name comes first, followed by a comma and the initials. Leave a space between initials. Retain the order of authors’ names.

Place the copyright year in parentheses. End with a period.

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. For a two-part title, capitalize the first word of the second part of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns. Italicize the title. End with a period.

Include the name of the publisher, followed by a period. Do not include the publisher location. Are there multiple publishers? If so, separate them with a semicolon.

Does the book have a DOI? Include a DOI if available. Do not include a URL or database information for works from academic research databases. Include a URL for ebooks from other websites. Do not put a period after the DOI or URL.

Does the book have an edition or volume number? If so, include the number in parentheses after the title but before the period. If both, show edition first and volume second, separated by a comma. Do not put a period between the title and the parenthetical information.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright Year). Title of the book chapter.

In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book (2nd ed., pp. #–#).

Publisher. DOI or URL

Invert names so that the last name comes first, followed by a comma and the initials. Leave a space between initials. Retain the order of authors’ names.

Place the copyright year in parentheses. End with a period.

Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. For a two-part title, capitalize the first word of the second part of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns. Do not italicize. End with a period.

Write the word “In” and the initials and last name (not inverted) of each editor. Use “(Ed.)” for one editor or “(Eds.)” for multiple editors. End with a comma.

Provide the title of the book in which the chapter appears. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. For a two-part title, capitalize the first word of the second part of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns. Italicize the book title.

Include the chapter page range. End with a period. Does the book have an edition or volume number? If so, include the number in parentheses before the page range. If both, show edition first and volume second, separated by a comma, before the page range. Do not put a period between the title and the parenthetical information.

Include the name of the publisher followed by a period. Do not include the publisher location. If there are multiple publishers, separate them with a semicolon.

Does the book have a DOI or URL? Include a DOI if available. Do not include a URL or database information for works from academic research databases. Include a URL for ebooks from other websites. Do not put a period after the DOI or URL.

More information on reference variations not shown here (e.g., in-press articles, articles with article numbers, articles without DOIs, books with titled volumes, audiobooks) can be found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) and in the Concise Guide to APA Style (7th ed.):

Journal articles and other periodicals Section 10.1 Books and reference works Section 10.2 Edited book chapters and entries in reference works Section 10.3

SOURCE: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

CREDIT: MELANIE R. FOWLER, FLORIDA SOUTHERN COLLEGE

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